Long considered one of Africa’s model democracies, the western African nation of Senegal has a tradition of stable governments and civilian rule.
Hundreds of Senegalese were killed in a local separatist conflict in the southern region of Casamance, but violence has waned since a 2014 ceasefire.
The country’s stability has allowed it to send peacekeeping troops to DR Congo, Liberia and Kosovo.
Slaves, ivory and gold were exported from the coast during the 17th and 18th centuries and now the economy is based mainly on agriculture. The money sent home by Senegalese living abroad is a key source of revenue.
- Republic of Senegal
- Capital: Dakar
- Population 13.1 million
- Area 196,722 sq km (75,955 sq miles)
- Major languages French (official), Wolof
- Major religion Islam
- Life expectancy 59 years (men), 61 years (women)
- Currency CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc