Zambia, unlike most of its neighbours, has managed to avoid the war and upheaval that has marked much of Africa’s post-colonial history, earning itself a reputation for political stability.
The landlocked country has experienced rapid economic growth over the last decade as Africa’s second largest copper producer after the DR Congo. But its over-reliance on copper has made it vulnerable to falling commodity prices.
Zambia also has one of the world’s fastest growing populations with the UN projecting that its population of 13 million will triple by 2050.
But economic growth and massive Chinese investment have failed to improve the lives of most Zambians, with two-thirds still living in poverty.
- Republic of Zambia
- Capital : Lusaka
- Population 13.8 million
- Area 752,614 sq km (290,586 sq miles)
- Major languages English (official), Bemba, Lozi, Nyanja, Tonga
- Major religionsChristianity, indigenous beliefs, Hinduism, Islam
- Life expectancy 49 years (men), 50 years (women)
- Currency Kwacha